of Christ's apostles were named James. The James boys were the sons
of Zebedee. James the Lesser became
bishop of Jerusalem. James the Great (Santiago el Mayor) spent several years in Spain preaching Christianity and became the patron saint of Spain.
After his martyrdom in Jerusalem, James' body was shipped to Spain for burial. According to legend,
ship containing his body was nearing Spain and passing the
coastline, a young nobleman was riding along the adjacent seacoast. The
horse saw the ship, bolted into the sea, and swam out to greet the ship
with the young man still in the saddle. When they reached the ship, the
Christian crew explained what they were doing, who St. James was, and a
few basic tenants of the new faith and converted the man to Christianity, When
they returned to shore, the horse
and rider emerged from the sea, covered with scallop shells
which is why scallop shells became the
mystical symbol of St. James.
Somehow, James' tomb was lost. According to legend, it was
discovered in the medieval walled town of Compostela (Star of the Sea)
where, in the ninth century, a shrine was built to honor James
(Santiago de Compostela) which subsequently became the name the
city which serves as capital of the autonomous community of Galicia. It is
probably impossible to know whose bones were actually found, and precisely
when and how. However, the local cult associated with the saint was
transformed into an international cult drawing pilgrims from distant parts
of the world. The shrine became the major pilgrimage for Western European
Catholics from the early Middle Age.
However, the Black Plague, the Protestant Reformation and political unrest
in 16th- century Europe resulted in its decline.
pilgrimage to the tomb of James, known in
the "Way of St. James," and in Galician as the "Camiño de
Santiago." By the 1980s, only a few pilgrims arrived in Santiago
annually. However, since then, the route has attracted a growing number of
modern-day pilgrims from around the globe. Over 100,000 pilgrims now travel
to the city each year from points all over Europe and other parts of the
Many pilgrims still cross parts of Europe and Spain on foot to Santiago de Compostela
for a weeklong the celebration of James' feastday. This is whythe
celebratory film for St. James's feastday is The Way (2012) with Martin Sheen as a doctor who receives news that his son has been
killed while walking the Way of St. James. He decides to finish the
pilgrimage in his son’s place. This is our celebratory film for James'
Medieval Christians making the pilgrimage to his shrine, often carried a scallop shell with
would present themselves at churches, castles, and abbeys where
expect to be given as much sustenance as they could pick up with one
In France, scallops are called Coquilles St. Jacques (the shells of
St. James). The term is often erroneously used in the United States to refer
to scallops in a Morney sauce. However the term Coquilles St. Jacques
only refers to the scallops themselves, and not the method of preparation.
When the term coquille is used
simply refers to the scallop shell, and not the scallops themselves.
are more than 100 species of scallops. Americans are familiar with the bay
scallops which are gathered on the eastern coast from New England to Cape
Hatteras. In the west, sea scallops seem to be more popular. The Alaskan scallop is
one of the most popular American scallop because of its size. Each Alaskan
scallop muscle, or eye, weighs about two ounces which is about twice the
size of the average sea scallop and four times the size of the bay scallop.
Scallops have two types of meat in one
shell: the adductor muscle, called "scallop" which is white and meaty, the
roe called "coral", which is red or white and soft.
In the United States only the muscle, or eye, is eaten. In Europe, where the
scallops are generally larger, the roe or coral is also eaten
Scallops that are without any
additives are called "dry packed" while scallops that are treated with
sodium tripolyphosphate (STP) are called "wet packed". STP causes the
scallops to absorb moisture prior to the freezing process, thereby getting a
better price per unit of weight. Scallops are commonly paired with light
semi-dry white wines
In addition to scallop celebratory dishes, there
is Tarta de Santiago (St. James' Cake). This special almond cake has
been popular for more than 300 years and is sold all over Santiago de